Abortion Procedure

How Abortion is Done

Abortion means ending a pregnancy before the fetus (unborn child) can live independently outside the mother. If abortion happens spontaneously before 24 weeks of pregnancy, it is called a miscarriage. An induced (or "therapeutic") abortion is caused deliberately in order to end the pregnancy.

Abortions are (most safely) done in the first trimester (before the 12th week of pregnancy). Pregnancy weeks are counted from the first day of the woman's most recent menstrual period. The type of abortion performed depends on how far the pregnancy has progressed.

There are two procedures used to abort they include medical and surgical abortions.

Medical Abortion

During the first 49 days of pregnancy, a medical termination is possible without surgery. Medical abortion uses two different drugs, methotrexate or mifepristone, which may be followed by another drug called misoprostol. While these drugs cause an abortion without surgical procedures such as dilation and vacuum, they do take longer to work than surgical abortion but they are perfect and will do the job for you.

These drugs work by blocking progesterone, a crucial hormone during pregnancy. Without progesterone, the uterine lining does not provide food, fluid and oxygen to the tiny developing baby. The baby cannot survive. A second drug is then given that stimulates the uterus to contract and the baby is expelled.

You may experience nausea, severe cramping, vomiting and bleeding. But the result is an aborted feotus.

Surgical Abortion

Vacuum aspiration (the suction method) is a surgical type of abortion. It is a surgical procedure that involves anesthesia (mild sedation) and can be performed within the first trimester of pregnancy. During vacuum aspiration, the cervix (opening of the uterus) is gently dilated (widened) about a quarter-inch, a narrow tube is inserted through the vagina and cervix to the uterus, and then pregnancy and contents of the uterine internal lining are vacuumed out. The procedure takes only a couple minutes and the woman can usually return home later in the day.

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